ASP.NET Interview Questions on windows authentication

What is the advantage of using Windows authentication in a Web application?
Windows authentication uses the security features integrated into the Windows NT and Windows XP operating systems to authenticate and authorize Web application users. The advantage of Windows authentication is that your Web application can use the exact same security scheme that applies to your corporate network - user names, passwords, and permissions are the same for network resources and Web applications. One of the key advantages of Windows authentication is that users who are logged on to the network don’t have to log on again to access the Web application.

What is the default authentication method when you create a new Web application project?
Windows authentication is the default authentication method when you create a new Web application project.

How do you allow or deny access to specific users using an authorization list from Web.config file, when using windows authentication?
When the application uses Windows authentication, ASP.NET checks the project’s Web.config authorization list to see which network users are allowed to access the application. The asterisk (*) and question mark (?) characters have special meaning in the authorization list. The * character indicates all users. The ? character indicates unauthenticated users.

To restrict access to specific users, list their names separated by commas in an element. When ASP.NET checks the authorization list in Web.config, it accepts the first match that it finds. Be sure to end the authorization list with a element to deny access to any nonapproved users.

What is Role-Based authorization in windows authentication?
Role-based authorization lets you identify groups of users to allow or deny based on their role in your organization. In Windows NT and Windows XP, roles map to names used to identify user groups. Windows defines several built-in groups, including Administrators, Users, and Guests. You can view, modify, or add groups using the Computer Management console

To allow or deny access to certain groups of users, add the element to the authorization list in your Web application’s Web.config file.

How do you get a User Identity?
Once a user is authenticated and authorized, your application can get information about the user by using the User object’s Identity property. The Identity property returns an object that includes the user name and role information, as shown in the following code:

private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
Label1.Text = User.Identity.IsAuthenticated.ToString();
Label2.Text = User.Identity.Name;
Label3.Text = User.Identity.AuthenticationType;

How do you determine, what is the role of the current user?
The User object provides an IsInRole method to determine the role of the current user, as shown in the following example:
// Do something.

Can you specify authorization settings both in Web.config and in IIS?
Yes, you can specify authorization settings both in Web.config and in IIS. The IIS setting is evaluated first and then the setting in Web.config is evaluated. In general, this means that the most restrictive setting will be used.

What is the user account under which an ASP.NET web application runs by default?
Web application runs under the identity of the ASPNET user account by default.

How can you set the web application to run under a specific user’s account?
You can set the application to run under a specific user’s account by setting the application’s identity element to enable impersonation

How can you see the impersonated identity under which code is executing?
To see the impersonated identity under which code is executing, use the WindowsIdentity class’s GetCurrent method, as shown in the sample code below

The identity element can be used with any type of authentication; however, it is most useful with Windows authentication because Windows authentication users have accounts with specific permissions.


  1. Thanks for sharing your knowledge. You did great job by covering different aspects of Asp.Net

  2. Thanks Venkat, this was really helpful. Appreciate the effort and the heart.

  3. Thanks. This was simple and clear explaination.

  4. very good job venkat..

  5. Thank you Venkat, Amazing job, .Net made easier, now I started gaining confidence in .Net, though I have previously worked in .Net I didnt have this confidence, thanks for the good job, God bless you in abundance!


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